What Does The Christmas Tree Represent?

One of the main traditions of Christmas is the Christmas tree. Bringing the evergreen tree (whether real or artificial) into our home during the holidays is a long tradition. We love to decorate the trees with lights and decorations. And it is often the place where Santa leaves his gifts. But what does the Christmas tree that stands in our house during this festive holiday actually symbolise? What does the Christmas tree represent? Why do we have Christmas trees? Let us look into some Christmas tree symbolism and history.

A Brief History of the Christmas Tree


Firstly in our journey into what does the Christmas tree symbolize, we need to look back at other similar traditions in history.

Ancient Greeks and Romans

The use of bringing evergreens into the home dates as far back as the Ancient Greeks and Romans. Both civilisations would have mid-winter celebrations and festivals to honour the winter solstice which falls on the 21st of December in the Northern Hemisphere.

Celts and Vikings

The Celts of Northern Europe and the Vikings of Scandanavia also had mid-winter festivals for the same reason.

Evergreen plants in winter symbolism

In all these civilisations there were practices of decorating the home with evergreen plants. The evergreen plant was a way to remind them that this was the darkest point of the year and that hope was on its way with the days getting lighter. 

Evergreens and greenery were used as a symbol for winter festivals as these were the plants that would last all year round and were believed by some people to protect the house from evil spirits, witches, ghosts and illnesses.

Other people believed that they would be protected as these plants would remain green throughout the year, especially throughout winter; it was not only a sign for protection but health.


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